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Research National Programs National Fruit Production Research Program
National Fruit Production Research Program

 

 
 

INTRODUCTION

The Uruguayan fruit sector (deciduous and grapes) occupies over 20.000 hectares, mainly concentrated in the southern region, namely the departments of Montevideo and Canelones.

Of the total area, 7.834 hectares are dedicated to deciduous fruit trees and 8.652 hectares to grapes for wine. Apple is the most important species within deciduous orchards, reaching 50% of the area, 52% of the plants, and 58% of the production. One fourth of the area is occupied by peaches and 13% by pears. New areas are being developed outside the traditional southern area. As an example, 10% of peach trees are actually located in the northern part of the country.

The fruit sector gathers approximately 78% of owner operated farms, small to medium scale, with an average area under 5 hectares.

 

Deciduous fruit and grape production contribute with 2,6% and 2,0% respectively to the Agricultural Gross National Product.

During the last years new fruit species have been introduced with promising commercial perspectives: blueberries (which already occupy 500 hectares), and olives (consistently growing in area, presently covering more than 3.000 hectares).

 

Most of the production from fruit orchards and vineyards goes to the domestic market for fresh consumption.

A very small percentage is processed into juice, jam, preserves or others.

This sector is facing today the challenge to improve profitability. Therefore, the opening, consolidation and competitive participation in regional and overseas markets, becomes highly relevant.

 

This would allow for equilibrium between internal supply and demand of fruits, wine grapes and other products, while also allowing improvements in the cost/benefit relation for those who participate in the value chain.

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GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Strengthen the national fruit sector development improving its profitability through the generation and adaptation of technologies that contribute to its economic and social sustainability with due care of the environment and preservation of natural resources.

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SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

1/ Identify solutions, and generate management and conservation technologies, to increase productivity, quality and tradable volumes of traditional products (apples, peaches, pears and grapes).

2/ Contribute to variety modernization through new genetic material for traditional and non traditional products. These varieties are chosen because of their superior quality and adaptability to local growing conditions.

3/ Develop technologies to attend differentiated market demands, with particular emphasis in new or alternative products, and production processes (Integrated and Organic Production).

4/ Generate technologies that, considering food safety, will contribute to diminish product vulnerability in international markets. For this purpose systems research will be strengthened as well as the sustainability approach.

5/ Disseminate developed technologies, provide orientation to the industry and collaborate in training its people.

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CONTACT

Contact: fruit@inia.org.uy

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