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Research National Programs National Rainfed Crop Production Research Program
National Rainfed Crop Production Research Program
 
 

INTRODUCTION

At present, the Uruguayan rainfed crop production is going through a process of intensification and expansion as a consequence of a continuous increase of grain demand and strengthened prices that make it an attractive business.

 

This situation has caused relevant changes in our national rainfed crop production that may be summarized as follows: increase of the cropping area; more emphasis in summer crops with a special note for soybean; less participation of pastures in the crop-pastures rotation systems even with considerable areas being managed under continuous cropping; consistent increase of crops productivity; general adoption of no-tillage practices and drastic modification of the production structure.

As a consequence, current production systems are poorly diversified, highly dependent on the use of agro-chemicals and show evidences of negative impact on natural resources.

While the country faces a great opportunity for development, the challenge is to generate adequate technological solutions that will assure medium and long term sustainability.

 

Considering this, the National Rainfed Crop Research Program is organized in five major research projects related to genetic improvement and management practices for cereals and oil crops. The Regional Advisory Committee and its Working Groups as well as the Technological Boards have been of great importance in the process of setting research priorities as they provide an appropriate working environment that integrate all the actors of the agro-industrial chains and facilitate articulation between the private sector and the  national research organisms.

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GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Develop technological alternatives based on scientific knowledge, that allow for stable yield improvement, emphasizing the sustainable use of the natural resources, taking into account the farmers economic benefit and looking for end products with appropriate industrial and nutritional quality.

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SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

1/ Integrate biotechnologies with traditional plant breeding to accelerate the development and release of cultivars with good adaptation, high yielding capacity, disease resistance and high industrial and nutritional quality.

2/ Deepen in the knowledge of crop response to relevant abiotic stresses (nutritients and  water availability, climate) in different growing  environments in order to generate technologies that make a more efficient and responsible use of inputs and natural resources.

3/ Deepen in the knowledge of the  biology of diseases, insects, and  weeds in order to accomplish an integrated management technology, with acceptable control levels and easy application while being environmentally safe and cost effective.

4/ Contribute to the diversification of the current agricultural  systems  and to the development of energy crops.

5/ Contribute to facilitate technology transfer through the integration of research and extension activities.

6/ Promote inter program and inter institutional articulation for the achievement of the objectives.

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CONTACT

Contact: rainfedcrops@inia.org.uy

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