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Research National Programs National Production and Environmental Sustainability Research Program
National Production and Environmental Sustainability Research Program




The National Research Program for Production and Environmental Sustainability was incorporated as a new Program within the structure of INIA, as part of the so called “Strategic Areas” of the Institute.

The development of this strategic area aims to reach a deeper insight of those topics related to the different production systems and the proper use and management of natural resources. In general terms, this subject was already included in the previous structure of the Institute. However, in this new definition, emerging topics are incorporated and those with a previous partial approach through the old “Programs by Farm Product” are now consolidated or reinforced.

In that sense, as it cuts across the Value Chain Programs, this new Program on one hand is expected to add knowledge to the activities of these Programs and, on the other, to generate its own space, either to address emergent topics as well as those in which a more disciplinary approach is required.

The creation of this Program responds and is strongly aligned to the Mission and Vision of the Institute, particularly to the Objectives and Strategic Lines that highlight the concepts of environment, social and economic sustainability, among others. The action plan of this Program takes into consideration the Brundtland report as its conceptual base.

The report defines sustainable development as that which “answers the needs of the present generation, without compromising the capacity of the future generations to satisfy their own”. In practical terms and from an environmental point of view, this challenge is reflected in our country in the consolidation of a long term research base used for the design of production systems with reduced negative impact on the environment. This stage has to be deepened through processes comprehension that can be eventually used as input in the development of new technologies, and for technologies to be assessed according to their negative or positive impact on the environment. In the first stage the development of this new area should take account of short and medium term context elements that are taking place in the Uruguayan agricultural sector. It is worth mentioning, among others, the high pressure and demand for land due to the expansion and intensification of crop production, the displacement and intensification of livestock production systems, the permanent growth of forestry area, the increase in the use of pesticides in some production systems, the increasing risk upon the biodiversity in our agricultural ecosystems, the agricultural sector potential to complement the national energetic matrix and its cost-benefit relation for the environment, the need to properly quantify the impacts of our production systems on the environment considering the increasing requirements of our export markets, the concerns of consumers and society about environmental topics that can impact on product quality.




Develop or adapt technology to manage production systems in order to maintain its productivity and competitiveness in the long term, while promoting and valuing the care of the natural resources under use, which are acceptable to society.




1/ Develop or adapt technologies for a sustainable use of land and water in the different production systems.

2/ Evaluate, prevent and or mitigate possible impacts of pesticides use on natural resources, farm products and human health.

3/ Evaluate the environmental impacts of the intensive and extensive livestock production systems and set up prevention and mitigation measures to avoid negative impacts.

4/ Develop and promote production systems that consider the preservation or appropriate use of biodiversity, especially in the more fragile agricultural ecosystems.

5/ Improve knowledge on management of production environment through the use of conventional tools and those related to Precision Agriculture.

6/ Quantify impacts due to the use of raw material from the forestry sector for energy purposes on production system sustainability.

7/ Promote the development of objective tools to strengthen certification processes of production processes in several value chains.

8/ Identifyg objective indicators to evaluate and asses the sustainability of medium and long term production systems.




Contact: sustainability@inia.org.uy