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Research National Programs National Forestry Production Research Program
National Forestry Production Research Program




The development of the forestry sector in Uruguay has been historically marked by the application of legal, economical and fiscal incentives. Forestry Law No. 15.939 - passed in 1987  constitutes the factor of major impact in the development of this sector, since it promoted tree plantation based on regulations with systematic technical criteria. Within this context, the sector achieved a forest surface of 750.000 hectares in less than two decades, allowing the development of industrial poles in different regions of the country. This forestry model focuses on the production of pulp, paper, and sawed wood and it is basically oriented to exports. It is composed by commercial plantations of rapid growth species: Eucalyptus and Pines, mainly the first one. According to data from the Society of Forest Producers, exports in 2006 reached almost US$ 237 million. Projections made by the Forestry Division of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries foresee a timber production of about 10 million cubic meters per year in 2008 and around 18 to 20 million cubic meters in 2010.  Starting 2005, the Forestry Division of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries has defined new strategic lines in order to promote an alternative forestry model based on diversification, looking for complementarities with other products.

With reference to generation and adoption of technology, there has been a remarkable and constant demand in every stage of the wood chain. The technological gap, increased by a dynamic primary sector as against the characteristics of forestry research, given the length of the biological cycles of trees. In response to this demand, the National Forestry Research Program of INIA started its activities in 1992, located at INIA's Tacuarembó Regional Experiment Station, with influence over the four national regions declared of forestry priority. An early and active participation of the sector's main actors through institutionaly established mechanisms (Regional Advisory Committee and Forestry Work Group) allowed for an optimum process of definition and prioritization of research lines and ensured the monitoring of projects under development. The Program also participates in the Wood Technological Board since its creation in 1995.

The first Medium-Term Strategic Plan (1992-1996) allowed for the installation of excellent infrastructure, the acquisition of equipment and vehicles and the setting up of a national testing network. This stage was financially supported by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The Medium Term Strategic Plan (1997-2001) systematized research activities in five strategic areas of intervention: Genetic Improvement, Silvocultural Management, Forestry Sanitation, Environmental Impact and Information Systems. Several programmatic stages took place within the context of the Strategic Plan 2006-2010 to locate the National Forestry Research Program in the context of the new organizational structure of INIA. These stages consisted on the implementation of new government policy directives, the systematization of a revision process of the internal and external projects previously executed, the systematization of technological demand prospect and the incorporation of the Mission, Vision, Institutional Values and Strategic Institutional Directives. This process allowed the definition of six thematic areas of research for 2007-2011, the elaboration of project profiles submitted to the Directive Board and, finally, the formulation of the projects.




Contribute to the integral development of the forestry sector, promoting competitiveness, sustainability and social equity in the wood chain through trained human resources, network, and capacity for cooperation with the National Innovation System (NIS).




1/ Consolidate results achieved so far in genetic improvement, silvocultural management and environmental impact in support to the current forestry model in terms of competitiveness of the wood value chain.

2/ Support the alternate forestry model proposed by the government through studies of species diversification, profiting from the expertise already available in the Program and generating institutional capacity in new areas.

3/ Address the environmental topics from an inter-programmatic and inter-institutional perspective.

4/ Consolidate dissemination




Contact: forestry@inia.org.uy